Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and non-building structure. It is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
Architecture is a visual art, and the buildings speak for themselves. Julia Morgan
Architecture has to do with planning and designing form, space and ambience to reflect functional, technical, social, environmental, and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of materials and technology. The practice of architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimation and construction administration. Documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, defines the structure and/or behaviour of a building or other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.
Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) have replaced traditional drafting paper and pencil as the most common methods for creating designs and construction drawings. However, hand-drawing skills are still required, especially during the conceptual stages of a project and when an architect is at a construction site. Architects may also help clients get construction bids, select contractors, and negotiate construction contracts.
In a layman’s term architectural engineering is about making buildings. In today’s world all the tall towers and buildings that you see are all included in architectural engineering. Structural designs and modern buildings are all an artwork of architecture. The whole nation today has seen the value and product of architectural engineering. An architect engineer also deals in four core industries electrical and lighting systems, heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems, structural, construction and management engineering.
Architects often collaborate with workers in related occupations, such as civil engineers, urban and regional planners, drafters, interior designers, and landscape architects.
The Domain of Architecture:-
Urban Planning & housing
Design & Development
Traits: An Architect is ideally required to have the following traits.
He should have a rational and pragmatic approach.
He should have analytical and mathematical ability to help him solve design problems and handle building cost and estimations.
He should be a imaginative- a creative artist with an interest in designing. The ability to sketch, free hand, though not very important is beneficial while explaining to the clients the very intricate details of the structure.
He needs to be observant and aware of surrounding social and environmental factors.
He should have a good perception of social and psychological attitudes.
He should have the ability to issue clear instructions and explanations to team-mates, clients and contractors.
He should show a keen desire to update knowledge of latest developments in structural techniques and materials. He should have good understanding of legal and financial matters.
He should have an authoritative personality.
Scope: Architects design structures and give physical face-lift as well as provide functional utility, safety and economy. The job of an architect is not limited to designing corporate offices; rather they design houses, industrial complexes, hospitals, hotels, schools, etc. Architects provide professional services to new constructions, alterations and renovations etc of the existing buildings. A brief summary on Architect’s scope of work is discussed below:
Once the Contract is awarded to a Building Contractor, the Architect has to pay periodic visits to the building site to supervise the work in progress, issue instructions to the Contractor’s Site Supervisor to discuss any difficulties that may have come up.
are drawn up including detailed drawings and specifications and estimates of costs.
Approval of the plan
is obtained from local statutory bodies and local authorities.
Prepares a sketch scheme
of the floor plans, the elevations, and the perspective drawings. Many such schemes may have to be produced before one is finally approved.
Surveys and inspects the site
of the proposed building and obtains an accurate site plan.
Receives instructions from the Client
On the type, function, capacity and approximate cost of the building required.
Corporates which recruit SGI Bachelor of Architecture students
Remuneration: A fresh architectural graduate working as a trainee with established architects starts with a salary of Rs. 4000-7000 per month. Within a short span of time, the earnings can rise up to Rs.10,000- 20,000 per month depending upon the experience and the work involved. In the government sectors, the pay scale is not as lucrative as the private sector, since it is set according to the rules by the government. The Council of Architecture has laid down a standard scale of remuneration for services.
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