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Biotechnology is the most promising branch of the future. Biotechnology, part of life sciences domain, is an interdisciplinary science which relies on biology, as well as subjects like mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering. It is a blend of various technologies applied together to living cells & their genetic configuration for production of an intended product quality or for improving upon it. Its use and application range from fields like agriculture to industry (food, pharmaceutical, chemical, by-products, textiles etc) medicine & human life sciences, nutrition, environmental conservation, animal sciences etc. making it one of the fastest growing fields and branch of knowledge with bright future scope and application.

In the struggle for survival, the fittest win, out at the expense of their rivals because they succeed in adopting themselves best to the environment. Charles Darwin

The work currently being carried out is extensive research in the laboratories & R&D facilities as it is a scientific research oriented field. However, the application & production which is handled by companies is also fast growing as successful products are being launched. From a dozen companies some half-a-decade back currently there are 600(+) established and successful companies in the biotechnology field and exponential growth is in the offing.

Some Major Domains are as under:

Medicine and Health Care

Biotechnology application in this area has helped in the development of various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics. The remarkable development work carried out by biotechnologists in this field has led to improvement in the methods of diagnosis & cure for diseases which were once thought to be incurable and are now no more a cause of worry & which indeed has been a blessing for humankind. More research is continuously being undertaken & many break though achievements will emerge in future, in the medicine & healthcare field. Stem cells & DNA printing are some of the commonly known applications.

Industrial Research and Development

Both the government and the private sector employ biotechnologists to conduct research and development work for increasing productivity, improving energy production and conservation, minimizing pollution and industrial waste etc. Biotechnologists also find opportunities at places involving activities like chemical processes, genetic engineering, textile development, cosmetic development etc.

Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

Indian economy is very much dependent on agriculture and biotechnologists have made major advancements in this area. Over the years the agriculture output has been improving owing to the improvements in the quality of seeds, insecticides and fertilizers. The latest technologies like micro propagation and tissue culture have further helped agriculture to overcome problem like soil imbalance, genetic breeding and crop diseases. Biotechnologists are also encouraging a shift from chemically prepared fertilizers and insecticides to bio-insecticides and bio-chemicals.  Further new breeds of plants with specific qualities such as weather or wither resistance or plants with specific insect resistance, or taste or nutritional value & properties etc are being developed. Biotechnology’s intervention in the area of animal husbandry has improved animal breeding. Numerous kinds of genetically engineered, high yielding animal breeds have come up which has increased the output of dairy products as well as the meat products. India has in fact, become the largest milk producer in the world and in its further growth Biotechnical inputs will make important contribution.


Environment biotechnology has become another area of extensive work due to the dangers brought about by increasing levels of environmental pollution. In this field, the job of a biotechnologist spans from checking industrial & air pollution levels, treatment of industrial wastes, recycling of sewage sludge using bio-technological inputs & controls.

Scope: In recent times biotechnology as a subject has grown rapidly, and so far as employment is concerned, it has become one of the fastest growing sectors so far after IT/multi- media / infrastructure. Candidates with B.Tech/PG. Degree get absorbed in corporate and government sector, both. Qualified biotechnologists are being employed in leading Indian business houses and MNCs including pharmaceutical companies, Chemical, Industrial, Bio-processing, Industrial, Agriculture & related Industrial and pollution control activities of the major corporates.

They can even join government and corporate run research and development organizations. On the whole it is a very good career opportunity for the bright young people. B.Sc. (Bio-Tech) may also find employment as above but initially in a non executive or support role more as laboratory or production junior executive or in an assisting role. The published figures of Biotechnology Association shows a demand forecast of 2.5 million jobs in next decade, out of which 2.5 lakh jobs will be quality jobs requiring B.Tech./Graduate /P.G. Degrees and Diplomas. In take capacity such large numbers is currently severely limited.

India is ranked among the top 12 biotech destinations in the world and is the third biggest in Asia-Pacific in terms of the number of biotech companies.”The biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India’s rapidly developing economy.

Corporates which recruit SGI Bio-Technology students

Several water purification, waste disposal and recycling companies, pollution control agencies are recruiting SGI students in addition to several civil engineering firms like

• SIMA Labs

• Larsen and Toubro (ECC Division) Ltd.

• JMC Project Co. Ltd.

• Hindustan Constructions Ltd.

• ERA Infrastructures Ltd.

• Oriental Constructions Ltd.

• Simplex Infrastructure Ltd.

• Continental Engg. Ltd.

• Punj Lloyd Ltd.

• Lloyd Insulations Ltd.

• Kanwar Enterprises Ltd.

• Piaggio Ltd.

• Orissa Cement Ltd.

• AIMIL Ltd.

• MES-UES…..

Remuneration very much depends upon academic qualification, Institute or University from which the degree is obtained and the level of work experience. In the corporate sector, fresher B.Tech graduates from reputed College/University may get min. Rs.2.5 lakh p.a. to Rs. 4.5 lakh p.a. B.Scs may get about 30% to 50% lesser. Research institutes & development centres of MNC’s needing excellent research aptitude can pay even up to Rs. 5 lakh p.a. – Rs. 7 lakh p.a. in the beginning of the career itself.

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